|Title||Microgrid Selection and Operation for Commercial Buildings in California and New York States|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2008|
|Authors||Chris Marnay, Michael Stadler, Hirohisa Aki, Brian E Coffey, Ryan M Firestone, Judy Lai, Afzal S Siddiqui|
|Conference Name||4th European PV-Hybrid and Mini-Grid Conference, May 29-30, 2008|
|Conference Location||Glyfada, Athens, Greece|
The addition of storage technologies such as lead-acid batteries, flow batteries, or heat storage can potentially improve the economic and environmental attractiveness of onsite generation such as PV, fuel cells, reciprocating engines or microturbines (with or without CHP), and can contribute to enhanced demand response. Preliminary analyses for a Californian nursing home indicate that storage technologies respond effectively to time-varying electricity prices, i.e. by charging batteries during periods of low electricity prices and discharging them during peak hours. While economic results do not make a compelling case for storage, they indicate that storage technologies significantly alter the residual load profile, which may lower carbon emissions as well as energy costs depending on the test site, its load profile, and DER technology adoption.
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